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Home  arrow Chapter 6  arrow Study Guide  arrow Guided Review  arrow Basic Principles of Piaget's Theory

Basic Principles of Piaget's Theory

According to Piaget, children come to understand the world by using psychological structures that organize experiences called (1)______. (2)_________ occurs when new experiences are readily incorporated into existing schemes. (3)________ occurs when schemes are modified based on experience. When the balance between these two processes is upset disequilibrium occurs and children need to go through a process called (4)___________. This occurs three times over the lifespan dividing cognitive development into (5)_______ stages.

The (6)_______ stage spans from birth to two years. The first substage is when children exercise their (7)_____. The second substage involves primary (8)________ reactions while substage 3 involves secondary ones of these. Substage 4 involves goal directed behaviour, substage 5 involves tertiary circular reactions, and substage 6 involves using (9)_________. For Piaget, the fundamental task of infancy is the mastery of object (10)________ although recent studies have shown that infants have a better understanding of this than he thought. Children’s theories are usually called (11)________ theories and these are often concerned with physics and biology.

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